Message #227:
From: AzTeC SW Archaeology SIG
To:   "'Matthias Giessler'" 
Subject: Pancho Villa's Widow Dead at 100
Date: Fri, 12 Jul 96 13:21:00 MST
Encoding: 44 TEXT

Note:  Pancho Villa State Park, Columbus, New Mexico

Ya know, history wasn't so long ago --  if you forget about some ot the 
intervening years.
 -- SASIG Ed.

From: Victor O. Story

Fri, 12 Jul 1996
MEXICO CITY, July 12 (UPI) --
The widow of Pancho Villa, the most colorful of Mexico's 1910-1917 
revolutionary leaders, has died in the northern state of Chihuahua, family 
members said Friday.  Soledad Seanez Holguin, who married Villa in 1919 and 
was 100 years old at the time of her death, outlived the ``Centaur of the 
North,'' as Villa was known, by 73 years.  Villa was assassinated in 1923 on 
orders from Mexico's revolutionary government he helped to usher in, but 
which came to consider him a political liability.  Villa became a legendary 
figure in the Mexican revolution not only for his charisma and cruelty, but 
also for his reputation as a womanizer.  In fact, Seanez Holguin was forced 
to defend her status as Villa's legitimate widow against a number of 
contenders, including Austrebeta Renteria, whom General Villa married -- 
apparently in an act of bigamy -- in 1921.  In 1946, the Mexican Congress 
stepped in to decide the issue, acknowledging Seanez Holguin as the 
``legitimate widow of Pancho Villa'' and assigning her a military pension of 
10 pesos -- at the time about 75 cents -- per day.  In the decades following 
Villa's death, Saenez Holguin regaled visitors with stories of Villa and 
outspoken criticism of past Mexican presidents, who she said had not lived 
up to their promises of financial help for her.  Villa's place in history 
was secured not only by his victorious entry into Mexico City in 1914 with 
Emiliano Zapata -- the two were known as the leaders of the North and South, 
respectively -- but also by being the only foreign military leader to attack 
the continental United States since 1812.  Villa's 1916 attack on Columbus, 
New Mexico, prompted the U.S. government to send an expeditionary force 
under U.S. Gen. J.J. ``Blackjack'' Pershing to the Mexican border to stop 
Villa's banditry.  U.S. forces pursued Villa for nearly a year without 
success.  Villa became an outlaw folk hero far beyond Mexico's borders. 
Deceased Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar reportedly had a picture taken of 
himself in a Villa costume.