Message #31: From: AzTeC SW Archaeology SIG To: "'z Matthias Giessler'" Subject: FW: UT Austin Archaeological Field Techniques Course Date: Wed, 10 Jan 96 10:27:00 MST Encoding: 435 TEXT [ Now everyone can follow along at home! ] Archaeological Field Techniques Spring 1996 Anthropology 362M Professor: Dr. James A. Neely Telephone: 471-0056 Office Hours: Wednesday: 1:15-4:00pm, or by appointment. Teaching Assistant: Matt Tomaso, MA. Telephone: Home: 453-6256, Office: 471-0586 (try home first) Office Hours: Tuesday 12:00-4:00pm or by appointment. Course Requirements and Philosophy Required Texts: 1. (Dancey) W.S. Dancey Archaeological Field Methods: An Introduction. 2. Reading packet Recommended: Martha Sharp Joukowsky A Complete Manual of Field Archaeology Purpose: This is a beginning course in archaeological procedures related to field work. It is a course in techniques rather than concepts or theories, though theory will, of course, be important. Archaeological Field Techniques is a preparation for field work, not a field school. The single technique that is most emphasized is keeping notes and records. One of the primary themes of the course is the interplay of research goals, practice, theory and field conditions ('hard reality'). You are encouraged to think about these general issues constantly throughout the course. Attendance, readings and participation: It will be very important to attend all class sessions and field trips. Much material covered in the lectures and field trips are not presented in the texts and cannot be obtained at a later time. Some of the more complex issues covered in the texts will form the core of discussion in lectures. Consequently, it is important that you read the material scheduled each week (not including the first week, of course) prior to class. This is especially true when case studies and guest lectures are to be presented. And yes, if it's presented in class, in the texts, or in the field, it will be on the exams! Your attendance record and willingness to participate will be reflected in your course grade. The optional readings specified in this syllabus can be put together into a second reading packet if enough students are interested. Tell Matt if you're interested. Optional discussion section: Tomaso will lead a one hour discussion section (seminar) concerned with the readings for this course each week, at a time to be determined by the class as a whole. The discussion will be held only if five or more students decide to attend. Field trips: We will have four (4) all-day Saturday field trips (postponed to Sunday if weather is bad). All four trips will be to the Shield Ranch, where Dr. Thomas Hester and his students are completing a long-term inventory and investigation of prehistoric and historic cultural resources. We hope to have a van at our disposal for transportation from the University to the site and return, but we will have to pay for gas, oil, etc. This cost should be about $5.00 per person, depending on how many people use the van. We will keep you posted on our efforts to obtain transportation. If transportation is not available, we will work something out. Keeping records: This is one of the primary foci of archaeological field work and, thus, of this course. Every field trip will end early enough for you to write an account of what you have done, but we urge you to keep a running log. Your field notes will be handed in before you leave class. The first set of field notes will be returned to you at the next class meeting with comments. Although grades will not be recorded for the first day of field notes (survey), you are urged to be diligent. It is worth noting that our field experiences will provide very important primary data for the Shield Ranch project. All of the remaining sets of field notes will be graded. Brief review paper (4-6 pages): Prepare a concise written review of an archaeological case study of your choosing and turn it in on April 10th. You should have your topic (monograph, book, or long paper) approved by the instructors as of March 27th, so plan ahead. Please give us at least a day to review your proposed topic. Your essay should focus on the technical aspects of a field project in an area of your interest. To get your topic approved, bring the text you plan to use to class or to Matt's office hours (Tuesday 1:15 - 4pm). In the review, try to answer questions such as: Was the authors' field work strategy useful for achieving their research goals? Why or why not? What would have been a better way to proceed? Term paper: The term paper will be elaborately described in the reading packet. You will be writing a professional-styled research proposal in a standard, publication-quality format (American Antiquity). You are urged to turn in rough drafts of your paper to Matt for comments at any time in the semester prior to April 10. The term paper is due on May 1. Other details are covered in the reading packet. Course requirements and grading: One test (March 2) that will focus on the lectures, reading assignments, discussion, and field work; a term paper of 10-15 pages (see handout for details); and a comprehensive final examination. The final course grade will be computed as follows: 15% for the first test, 10% for the review paper; 30% for the discussion, field notes and field work; 25% for the term paper, and 20% for the final examination. Final examination: This examination will be comprehensive but will focus on materials covered in the latter half of the semester. Wednesday, May 8, 1996, is the probable date, but we will need to determine exact time based on class members' schedules. Final scheduling for the final will take place on April 17th during class. Scheduling details will be examined then. Building and room will be announced later in the semester, but most likely, it will be in this room (EPS 2.136). The format of the exam will be discussed in class before the exam date and, if the class wishes, a general review will be scheduled on the "dead day" (Monday May 6th) immediately prior to the final. Lecture, Discussion and Field Trip Schedule (subject to change) January 17 Lecture: Neely. Introduction to course. The nature and philosophy of the course, as well as a brief discussion of course requirements. Presentation of the basic theoretical perspectives involved in, and basic to, this course. Schedule discussion sections. Reading: Dancey pp. iii - 36. Optional Reading: Joukowsky pp. 1-24. January 24 Lecture: Neely. Continuation of previous lecture. Scientific methods; Research design. Identifying, illuminating and solving problems in archaeological research. Reading: Dancey chapter 3. Michael Shanks and Christopher Tilley Archaeological Theory and Practice Today. Robert Carneiro and Ian Hodder Correspondence. Optional Reading: Joukowsky pp. 25-34, 132-149. Highly recommended: Louis R. Binford A Consideration of Archaeological Research Design. Arguably, Binford's best. January 31 Lecture: Neely. Writing a research proposal (see handout re: term paper). Field records and record keeping. Reading: Dancey chapter 4. Martha Sharp-Joukowsky Fieldwork: Recording and Measuring. Fieldwork: Pre-Excavation Planning. Dwight W. Read Regional Sampling February 7 Lecture: Neely. Site designation systems. Introduction to map systems (latitude/longitude, township/range/section and 1/4 section, Universal Transverse Mercator) and map reading. Ground reconnaissance. Case Studies: Tomaso. The Casco Bay Intensive Survey and Ground Reconnaissance of Franklin Mountains State Park. Reading: Dancey chapter 5. Martha Sharp-Joukowsky Pre-Excavation Exploration February 14 Lecture: Neely. Introduction to archaeological surveying and mapping instruments (Brunton compass, alidade and plane table, transit). Intrasite survey, spatial controls. Case Study: Tomaso. The Havens Quarry Geoarchaeological Mapping Project. Reading: Ellen M. Kroll and T. Douglas Price Introduction and Postscript Optional Reading: Joukowsky chapter 5 - Surveying. Provides a detailed technical discussion of surveying techniques and equipment. February 21 Guest Lecture: Susan Dial will discuss the Shield Ranch project. Site reconnaissance and survey. Lecture: Neely and Tomaso: Strategy, safety and logistics for Saturday's field trip. Reading: Samuel M. Wilson The Archaeological Settlement pattern of Nevis, West Indies. Mary G. Hodge and Leah D. Minc The Spatial Patterning of Aztec Ceramics: Implications for Prehispanic Exchange Systems in the Valley of Mexico. Assignment: Term paper proposals are due today. Turn in a brief written statement on what you will write about and how you will orient your presentation. February 24 Saturday Field Trip to Shield Ranch: Archaeological site reconnaissance and survey. There will be a brief orientation tour of the ranch, visiting some of the known sites. Hands-on training with the Brunton compass, and your personal compasses will follow. Finally, we will conduct a survey on an undocumented area of the ranch. Note: Don't forget to take your lunch, drinking water, notebooks, pencils, pens, erasers, compass, insect repellent and sunscreen. Assignment: Take clear and comprehensive notes (to be handed in). February 28 Lecture: Neely. Testing and Excavation. Guest Lecture (10:30): Diane Wilson. Burial Excavation and Bioarchaeology. Readings: Duane Esaray and Sharron K. Santure Archaeological Research at the Morton Site Complex . Tim D. White Recovery, Preparation, and Curation of Skeletal Remains. Ted A. Rathbun and James D. Scurry Status and Health in Colonial South Carolina: Belleview Plantation, 1738-1756. Optional reading: Tim D. White Ethics in Osteology Chapter 23, Human Osteology by Tim D. White. 1991. Academic Press. March 6 Lecture: Neely. Introduction to testing and excavation techniques. Systems of designating what you find in an excavation. The stratigraphy of a structure. Reading: Dancey chapter 6. Martha Sharp-Joukowsky Stratigraphy. Test: First written test. About one hour in length; Subject matter: All readings, case studies, lectures and discussions up to and including February 28th. Format: Identification (approximately 8), brief answer (approximately 5) and essay (one). March 11-16 - Spring break. Have fun. Work on your reviews - but not too hard - and don't stress out about the exam you just took! March 20 Field Trip: To the Collins' home. Dr. Michael Collins will discuss the excavation, reconstruction and investigation of his historic cabin. Readings: Garry Wheeler Stone Artifacts are Not Enough . James F. Deetz and Edwin S. Dethlefson Death's Head, Cherub, Urn and Willow . Joanne Bowen Probate Inventories: An Evaluation from the Perspective of Zooarchaeology and Agricultural History at Mott Farm March 27 Lecture: Neely. Testing and excavation. The use of power machinery in archaeology. Case Study. Tomaso. The Wilson-Leonard Project. Note: Your review topic must be approved by this date. Reading: Stephen L. Black, Kevin Jolly and Daniel R. Potter (et al) The Higgins Experiment: Field Report. Matthew S. Tomaso and Jan Guy A Guide to Documentation Procedures for the Wilson-Leonard Site March 30 Saturday Field Trip: Shield Ranch. Testing and excavation at the Eckolls Site. April 3 Lecture. Tomaso. Geoarchaeology in the field. Guest Lecture (10:30). Jon Morter. The Harris Matrix system and context sensitive recording. Reading: Julie K. Stein, Kimberly D. Kornbacher and Jason L. Tyler British Camp Shell Midden Stratigraphy ; Michael R. Waters. Geoarchaeology ; Optional Reading: Edward C. Harris: The Principles of Archaeological Stratigraphy, and Practices of Archaeological Stratigraphy. Pick a paper or two from these edited volumes. Strongly Recommended: Michael R. Waters 1992. Principles of Geoarchaeology: A North American Perspective, Chapter 2: Geoarchaeological Foundations. Long, but worth the effort. April 10 Case Study: Tomaso. Lessons from Sulphur Ghaut. Lecture: Neely. Excavation and testing. Assignment: Your brief reviews are due today. Note: Last day to turn in a draft of your term paper for our comments. Reading: Matthew S. Tomaso Constructing the Record: Landscape History of the Sulphur Ghaut Site; Vance T. Holliday and Paul Goldberg Glossary of Selected Soil Science Terms April 13 Saturday Field Trip: Testing and excavation at the Eckolls Site. April 17 Lecture: Neely. Testing and excavation. Case Study (10:30): Lynne Tovar. Fieldwork in Mesoamerica. Reading: Kent V. Flannery Excerpts. Schedule Final Exam time(s) April 20 Saturday Field Trip: Testing and excavation at the Eckolls Site. April 24 Lecture: Neely. Testing and excavation. Guest lecture (10:30): Chris Williams. Photography in the Field. Optional reading: Joukowsky, Field Photography. Pp. 427-442. April 27 Alternate date for Saturday Field Trip to Shield Ranch. May 1 Lecture: Neely. Antiquities legislation and cultural resource management. Careers in archaeology. Assignment: Term papers due. Scheduling of review session - if desired Reading SAA Bulletin November/December 1995 (13)5. Optional Reading: Joukowsky pp. 467-492 May 6 Review session: Pending student request. Come prepared with questions and issues for review in preparation for the final exam. May 8 Probable date for Final Examination: Possibly, 9:00AM until 12:00 Noon or 2:00-5:00pm, depending on participants' schedules. Building and room will be announced later in the semester References in Reading Packet (alphabetical) Black, Stephen L., Kevin Jolly and Daniel R. Potter, 1993 The Higgins Experiment: Field Report. Wurzbach Project Working Papers. Austin: Texas Archaeological Research Laboratory, University of Texas at Austin. Bowen, Joanne, 1978 Probate Inventories: An Evaluation from the Perspective of Zooarchaeology and Agricultural History at Mott Farm. In Historical Archaeology: A Guide to Substantive and Theoretical Contributions Edited by Robert L. Schuyler. pp. 149-159. Farmingdale, NY: Baywood Publishing Co. Carneiro, Robert 1991 Deconstruction of an Unreconstructed Constructionist. Letter printed in AAA Newsletter p.3. September, 1991. Craib, Donald F., 1995 Update on Interior Appropriations. In SAA Bulletin 13(5):6-7. Deetz, James F., and Edwin S. Dethlefsen 1978 Death's Head, Cherub, Urn and Willow. In Historical Archaeology: A Guide to Substantive and Theoretical Contributions Edited by Robert L. Schuyler. pp. 83- 90. Farmingdale, NY: Baywood Publishing Co. Esarey, Duane, and Sharron K. Santure 1990 Archaeological Research at the Morton Site Complex. In Archaeological Investigations at the Morton Village and Norris Farms 36 Cemetery Edited by Sharron K. Santure, Alan D. Harn, and Duane Esarey. Illinois State Museum Reports of Investigations, No. 45. Springfield, Illinois: Illinois State Museum. Flannery, Kent V. 1976 Excerpts from The Early Mesoamerican Village, edited by Kent V. Flannery. New York: Academic Press. Hodder, Ian 1991 Reply to Robert Carneiro. Letter printed in AAA Newsletter p.3. September, 1991. Hodge, Mary G., and Leah D. Minc 1990 The Spatial Patterning of Aztec Ceramics: Implications for Prehispanic exchange Systems in the Valley of Mexico. Journal of Field Archaeology 17(4): 425-437. Holliday, Vance T., and Paul Goldberg 1992 Glossary of Selected Soil Science Terms. In Soils in Archaeology: Landscape Evolution and Human Occupation pp. 247-252. Joukowsky, Martha 1980 Excerpts from A Complete Manual of Field Archaeology: Tools and Techniques of Field Work for Archaeologists pp. 35-64, 132-149, 150-157, 200-227, New York: Prentice Hall. Kroll, Ellen M., and T. Douglas Price 1991 Excerpts from The Interpretation of Archaeological Spatial Patterning. Edited by Ellen M. Kroll and T. Douglas Price. pp. 1-6, 301-306. New York: Plenum. Lipe, William, 1995 A Message from Bill Lipe. In SAA Bulletin 13(5):6 Rathbun, Ted A., and James D. Scurry 1991 Status and Health in Colonial South Carolina: Belleview Plantation, 1738-1756. In What Mean these Bones?: Studies in Southeastern Bioarchaeology. Edited by Mary Lucas Powell, Patricia S. Bridges, and Ann Marie Wagner Mires. pp. 149-164. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press. Read, Dwight W. 1975 Regional Sampling. In Sampling in Archaeology Edited by James w. Mueller. Tucson: University of Arizona Press. pp. 44-60 Shanks, Michael and Christopher Tilley 1992 Archaeological Theory and Practice Today. Excerpt from Re-Constructing Archaeology: Theory and Practice 2nd Ed. pp. 243-246. New York: Routledge. Snyder, David, 1995 Cinderella's Choice: The Emerging Role of the State Historic Preservation Office in Cultural Resource Management . In SAA Bulletin 13(5): 19-21. Stein, Julie K., Kimberly D. Kornbacher, and Jason L. Tyler, 1992 British Camp Shell Midden Stratigraphy. In Deciphering a Shell Midden Edited by Julie K. Stein. pp. 95-133 Stone, Garry Wheeler, 1988 Artifacts are not Enough. In Documentary Archaeology in the New World Edited by Mary C. Beaudry. pp. 68-78. New Directions in Archaeology. New York: Cambridge University Press. Tomaso, Matthew S., 1996/In Press Constructing the Record: Landscape History of the Sulphur Ghaut Site. Geoarchaeology: An International Journal Tomaso, Matthew S., and Jan Guy, 1992 A Guide to Documentation Procedures for 1992 Excavations at the Wilson-Leonard Site (41WM235). Waters, Michael R., 1992 Excerpt from Principles of Geoarchaeology by Michael R. Waters. pp. 3-12. Tucson: University of Arizona Press. White, Tim D. 1991 Excerpt from Human Osteology by Tim D. White (Illustrations by Pieter A. Folkens). pp. 265-276. New York: Academic Press. Wilson, Samuel M. 1989 The Archaeological Settlement Pattern of Nevis, West Indies. Journal of Field Archaeology 16(4): 427-450. Yellen, John, 1995 NSF Budget Update. In SAA Bulletin 13(5):7 Zimmer, Julie, Richard Wilk, and Anne Pyburn 1995 A Survey of Attitudes and Values in Archaeological Practice. In SAA Bulletin 13(5):10-12. Contents 1 Syllabus 2 Readings 3 Grant and Permit Proposal Format 4 Editorial Policy, Information for Authors, and Style Guide for American Antiquity and Latin American Antiquity 5 Joukowsky pp. 1-24 6 Shanks and Tilley 243-346 7 Correspondence, 1 pg. 8 Joukowsky 200-207 9 joukowsky 132 - 149. 10 Read 44-60 11 joukowsky 35-64 12 Kroll and Price 1-6, 301-306 13 wilson - settlement pattern 14 Hodge and Minc- 15 Esaray and Santure 6-13 16 White 265-276 17 rathbun and Scurry 149-164 18 joukowsky 150-157 19 Stone 68-78 20 Deetz and Dethlefson 83-90 21 Bowen 149-159 22 Black et al. 23 Tomaso and Guy 24 Stein et al 95 - 133 25 Waters 3-12 26 Tomaso 27 Holliday and Goldberg 247-252 28 Flannery 13-16, 68-72, 159-160, 369-373 29 SAA Bulletin, 6-7, 10-12, 19-21. Matt Tomaso Anthropology U. Texas Austin It is a sick and beautiful world.