Message #31:
From: AzTeC SW Archaeology SIG
To:  "'z Matthias Giessler'" 
Subject: FW: UT Austin Archaeological Field Techniques Course
Date: Wed, 10 Jan 96 10:27:00 MST
Encoding: 435 TEXT

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Archaeological Field Techniques
Spring 1996 Anthropology 362M

Professor:              Dr. James A. Neely
Telephone:              471-0056
Office Hours:           Wednesday:  1:15-4:00pm, or by appointment.

Teaching Assistant:     Matt Tomaso, MA.
Telephone:              Home: 453-6256, Office: 471-0586 (try home first)
Office Hours:           Tuesday 12:00-4:00pm or by appointment.

Course Requirements and Philosophy

Required Texts:         1.  (Dancey) W.S. Dancey Archaeological Field Methods: 
                            An Introduction.
                        2.  Reading packet Recommended:   
                            Martha Sharp Joukowsky  A Complete Manual of Field 

Purpose:  This is a beginning course in archaeological procedures related to 
field work.  It is a course in techniques rather than concepts or theories, 
though theory will, of course, be important.  Archaeological Field 
Techniques is a preparation for field work, not a field school.  The single 
technique that is most emphasized is keeping notes and records.  One of the 
primary themes of the course is the interplay of research goals, practice, 
theory and field conditions ('hard reality').  You are encouraged to think 
about these general issues constantly throughout the course.

Attendance, readings and participation:  It will be very important to attend 
all class sessions and field trips.   Much material covered in the lectures 
and field trips are not presented in the texts and cannot be obtained at a 
later time.  Some of the more complex issues covered in the texts will form 
the core of discussion in lectures.  Consequently, it is important that you 
read the material scheduled each week (not including the first week, of 
course) prior to class.  This is especially true when case studies and guest 
lectures are to be presented.  And yes, if it's presented in class, in the 
texts, or in the field, it will be on the exams!  Your attendance record and
willingness to participate will be reflected in your course grade.   The 
optional readings specified in this syllabus can be put together into a 
second reading packet if enough students are interested.  Tell Matt if 
you're interested.

Optional discussion section: Tomaso will lead a one hour discussion section 
(seminar) concerned with the readings for this course each week, at a time 
to be determined by the class as a whole.  The discussion will be held only 
if five or more students decide to attend.

Field trips:  We will have four (4) all-day Saturday field trips (postponed 
to Sunday if weather is bad).   All four trips will be to the Shield Ranch, 
where Dr. Thomas Hester and his students are completing a long-term 
inventory and investigation of prehistoric and historic cultural resources. 
We hope to have a van at our disposal for transportation from the University 
to the site and return, but we will have to pay for gas, oil, etc.  This 
cost should be about $5.00 per person, depending on how many people use the 
van.  We will keep you posted on our efforts to obtain transportation.  If 
transportation is not available, we will work something out.

Keeping records:  This is one of the primary foci of archaeological field 
work and, thus, of this course.  Every field trip will end early enough for 
you to write an account of what you have done, but we urge you to keep a 
running log.  Your field notes will be handed in before you leave class. The 
first set of field notes will be returned to you at the next class meeting 
with comments.  Although grades will not be recorded for the first day of 
field notes (survey), you are urged to be diligent.  It is worth noting that 
our field experiences will provide very important primary data for the 
Shield Ranch project.  All of the remaining sets of field notes will be 

Brief review paper (4-6 pages): Prepare a concise written review of an 
archaeological case study of your choosing and turn it in on April 10th. 
 You should have your topic (monograph, book, or long paper) approved by the 
instructors as of March 27th, so plan ahead.  Please give us at least a day 
to review your proposed topic.  Your essay should focus on the technical 
aspects of a field project in an area of your interest.  To get your topic 
approved, bring the text you plan to use to class or to Matt's office hours 
(Tuesday 1:15 - 4pm).   In the review, try to answer questions such as: Was 
the authors' field work strategy useful for achieving their research goals? 
Why or why not?  What would have been a better way to proceed?

Term paper: The term paper will be elaborately described in the reading 
packet.  You will be writing a professional-styled research proposal in a 
standard, publication-quality format (American Antiquity).  You are urged to 
turn in rough drafts of your paper to Matt for comments at any time in the 
semester prior to April 10.  The term paper is due on May 1.  Other details 
are covered in the reading packet.

Course requirements and grading: One test (March 2) that will focus on the 
lectures, reading assignments, discussion, and field work;  a term paper of 
10-15 pages (see handout for details);  and a comprehensive final 
examination.  The final course grade will be computed as follows: 15% for 
the first test, 10% for the review paper; 30% for the discussion, field 
notes and field work;  25% for the term paper, and 20% for the final 

Final examination:  This examination will be comprehensive but will focus on 
materials covered in the latter half of the semester.  Wednesday, May 8, 
1996, is the probable date, but we will need to determine exact time based 
on class members' schedules.  Final scheduling for the final will take place 
on April 17th during class.  Scheduling details will be examined then. 
Building and room will be announced later in the semester, but most likely, 
it will be in this room (EPS 2.136).  The format of the exam will be 
discussed in class before the exam date and, if the class wishes, a general 
review will be scheduled on the "dead day" (Monday May 6th) immediately 
prior to the final.

Lecture, Discussion and Field Trip Schedule (subject to change)

January 17      Lecture:   Neely.  Introduction to course.  The nature and 
philosophy of the course, as well as a brief discussion
of course requirements.  Presentation of the basic theoretical perspectives 
involved in, and basic to, this course.   Schedule discussion sections. 
 Reading: Dancey pp. iii - 36.   Optional Reading: Joukowsky pp. 1-24.

January 24      Lecture: Neely.  Continuation of previous lecture. 
 Scientific methods; Research design.  Identifying, illuminating and solving 
problems in archaeological research.  Reading:  Dancey chapter 3.   Michael 
Shanks and Christopher Tilley Archaeological
Theory and Practice Today.    Robert Carneiro and Ian Hodder Correspondence. 
  Optional Reading:  Joukowsky pp. 25-34, 132-149.    Highly recommended: 
 Louis R. Binford A Consideration of  Archaeological Research Design. 
 Arguably, Binford's

January 31      Lecture:  Neely.  Writing a research proposal (see handout 
re: term paper). Field records and record keeping.                 Reading: 
 Dancey chapter 4.  Martha Sharp-Joukowsky Fieldwork: Recording and 
Measuring.  Fieldwork: Pre-Excavation Planning.
Dwight W. Read Regional Sampling

February 7      Lecture: Neely.  Site designation systems.   Introduction to 
map systems (latitude/longitude, township/range/section and 1/4 section, 
Universal Transverse Mercator) and map reading.  Ground reconnaissance. 
  Case Studies:  Tomaso.  The Casco Bay Intensive Survey and Ground 
Reconnaissance of Franklin Mountains State Park.  Reading:  Dancey chapter 
5.                         Martha Sharp-Joukowsky Pre-Excavation Exploration

February 14     Lecture: Neely.  Introduction to archaeological surveying 
and mapping instruments (Brunton compass, alidade and plane table, transit). 
Intrasite survey, spatial controls.  Case Study: Tomaso.  The Havens Quarry 
Geoarchaeological Mapping Project.  Reading:   Ellen M. Kroll and T. Douglas 
Price Introduction and Postscript Optional Reading: Joukowsky chapter 5 - 
Surveying.  Provides a detailed technical discussion of surveying techniques 
and equipment.

February 21     Guest Lecture:  Susan Dial will discuss the Shield Ranch 
project.  Site reconnaissance and survey.  Lecture: Neely and Tomaso: 
 Strategy, safety and logistics for Saturday's field trip. Reading: Samuel 
M. Wilson  The Archaeological Settlement
pattern of Nevis, West  Indies.   Mary G. Hodge and Leah D. Minc The Spatial 
Patterning of Aztec Ceramics: Implications for Prehispanic Exchange Systems 
in the Valley of Mexico.  Assignment: Term paper proposals are due today. 
 Turn in a brief written statement on what you will write about and how you 
will orient your presentation.

February 24     Saturday Field Trip to Shield Ranch:  Archaeological site 
reconnaissance and survey.  There will be a brief orientation tour of the 
ranch, visiting some of the known sites.  Hands-on training with the Brunton 
compass, and your personal              compasses will follow. Finally, we 
will conduct a survey on an undocumented area of the ranch.  Note: Don't 
forget to take your lunch, drinking water, notebooks, pencils, pens, 
erasers, compass, insect repellent and sunscreen.  Assignment:  Take clear 
and comprehensive notes (to be handed in).

February 28     Lecture: Neely.  Testing and Excavation.  Guest Lecture 
(10:30):  Diane Wilson.  Burial Excavation and Bioarchaeology.  Readings: 
 Duane Esaray and Sharron K. Santure Archaeological Research at the Morton 
Site Complex .  Tim D. White Recovery, Preparation, and Curation of Skeletal 
Remains.   Ted A. Rathbun and James D. Scurry   Status and Health in 
Colonial South Carolina: Belleview Plantation, 1738-1756.  Optional reading: 
 Tim D. White Ethics in Osteology Chapter 23, Human
Osteology   by Tim  D. White.  1991.  Academic Press.

March 6 Lecture: Neely.  Introduction to testing and excavation techniques. 
Systems of designating what you find in an excavation. The stratigraphy of a 
structure. Reading: Dancey chapter 6. Martha Sharp-Joukowsky   Stratigraphy. 
 Test: First written test. About one hour in length; Subject matter:  All 
readings, case studies, lectures and discussions up to and including 
February 28th.  Format:  Identification (approximately 8), brief answer 
(approximately 5) and essay (one).

March 11-16 - Spring break.  Have fun.  Work on your reviews - but not too 
hard - and don't stress out about the exam you just took!

March 20        Field Trip:  To the Collins' home.  Dr. Michael Collins will 
discuss the excavation, reconstruction and investigation of his
historic cabin.  Readings:  Garry Wheeler Stone Artifacts are Not Enough . 
  James F. Deetz and Edwin S. Dethlefson Death's Head,
Cherub, Urn and Willow .    Joanne Bowen Probate Inventories: An Evaluation 
from the Perspective of Zooarchaeology and Agricultural History at Mott Farm 

March 27        Lecture:  Neely.   Testing and excavation.  The use of power 
machinery in archaeology.  Case Study.  Tomaso.  The Wilson-Leonard Project. 
 Note: Your review topic must be approved by this date.  Reading:  Stephen 
L. Black, Kevin Jolly and Daniel R. Potter (et al) The Higgins Experiment: 
Field Report.  Matthew S. Tomaso and Jan Guy A Guide to Documentation 
Procedures for the Wilson-Leonard Site

March 30        Saturday Field Trip:  Shield Ranch.  Testing and excavation 
at the Eckolls Site.

April 3 Lecture.  Tomaso.  Geoarchaeology in the field. Guest Lecture 
(10:30).  Jon Morter.  The Harris Matrix system
and context sensitive recording.  Reading:  Julie K. Stein, Kimberly D. 
Kornbacher and Jason L. Tyler British Camp Shell Midden Stratigraphy ; 
 Michael R. Waters.  Geoarchaeology ;  Optional Reading:  Edward C. Harris: 
 The Principles of Archaeological Stratigraphy, and Practices of 
Archaeological Stratigraphy.  Pick a paper or two from these edited volumes. 
 Strongly Recommended: Michael R. Waters  1992. Principles of 
Geoarchaeology:  A North American Perspective, Chapter 2: 
                        Geoarchaeological Foundations.  Long, but worth the 

April 10        Case Study: Tomaso.  Lessons from Sulphur Ghaut.  Lecture: 
Neely.  Excavation and testing.   Assignment: Your brief reviews are due 
today.  Note:  Last day to turn in a draft of your term paper for our 
comments.  Reading:  Matthew S. Tomaso Constructing the Record: Landscape 
History of  the Sulphur Ghaut Site;  Vance T. Holliday and Paul Goldberg 
Glossary of
Selected Soil Science Terms

April 13        Saturday Field Trip:  Testing and excavation at the Eckolls 

April 17        Lecture: Neely.  Testing and excavation. Case Study (10:30): 
Lynne Tovar.  Fieldwork in Mesoamerica.                 Reading: Kent V. 
Flannery Excerpts.  Schedule Final Exam time(s)

April 20        Saturday Field Trip: Testing and excavation at the Eckolls 

April 24        Lecture: Neely.  Testing and excavation.  Guest lecture 
(10:30): Chris Williams.  Photography in the Field.                 Optional 
reading: Joukowsky, Field Photography.  Pp. 427-442.

April 27        Alternate date for Saturday Field Trip to Shield Ranch.

May 1           Lecture: Neely.  Antiquities legislation and cultural 
resource management.  Careers in archaeology.  Assignment: Term papers due. 
 Scheduling of review session - if desired Reading SAA Bulletin 
November/December 1995 (13)5.  Optional Reading:  Joukowsky pp. 467-492

May 6           Review session:  Pending student request.  Come prepared 
with questions and  issues for review in preparation for the final exam.

May 8           Probable date for Final Examination: Possibly, 9:00AM until 
12:00 Noon or  2:00-5:00pm, depending on participants' schedules. Building 
and room will be  announced later in the semester

References in Reading Packet (alphabetical)

Black, Stephen L., Kevin Jolly and Daniel R. Potter,
        1993    The Higgins Experiment: Field Report.  Wurzbach Project 
Working Papers.
                Austin: Texas Archaeological Research Laboratory, University 
of Texas at Austin.

Bowen, Joanne,
        1978    Probate Inventories: An Evaluation from the Perspective of 
Zooarchaeology and
                Agricultural History at Mott Farm.  In Historical 
Archaeology: A Guide to
                Substantive and Theoretical Contributions Edited by Robert 
L. Schuyler. pp.
            149-159. Farmingdale, NY: Baywood Publishing Co.

Carneiro, Robert
        1991    Deconstruction of an Unreconstructed Constructionist. 
 Letter printed in AAA Newsletter p.3. September, 1991.

Craib, Donald F.,
        1995    Update on Interior Appropriations.  In SAA Bulletin 

Deetz, James F., and Edwin S. Dethlefsen
        1978    Death's Head, Cherub, Urn and Willow.  In Historical 
Archaeology: A Guide to
                Substantive and Theoretical Contributions Edited by Robert 
L. Schuyler. pp.  83- 90. Farmingdale, NY: Baywood Publishing

Esarey, Duane, and Sharron K. Santure
        1990    Archaeological Research at the Morton Site Complex.  In 
Archaeological Investigations at the Morton Village and Norris Farms 36 
Cemetery Edited by Sharron K. Santure, Alan D. Harn, and Duane Esarey. 
 Illinois State Museum  Reports of Investigations, No. 45.  Springfield, 
Illinois: Illinois State Museum.

Flannery, Kent V.
        1976    Excerpts from The Early Mesoamerican Village, edited by Kent 
V. Flannery.  New          York: Academic Press.

Hodder, Ian
        1991    Reply to Robert Carneiro.   Letter printed in AAA Newsletter 
p.3. September,  1991.

Hodge, Mary G., and Leah D. Minc
        1990    The Spatial Patterning of Aztec Ceramics: Implications for 
Prehispanic exchange Systems in the Valley of Mexico.
      Journal of Field Archaeology 17(4): 425-437.

Holliday, Vance T., and Paul Goldberg
        1992    Glossary of Selected Soil Science Terms.  In Soils in 
Archaeology: Landscape
                Evolution and Human Occupation pp.  247-252.

Joukowsky, Martha
        1980    Excerpts from A Complete Manual of Field Archaeology: Tools
     and Techniques of  Field Work for Archaeologists   pp.  35-64, 132-149, 
150-157, 200-227,  New
                York: Prentice Hall.

Kroll, Ellen M., and T. Douglas Price
        1991    Excerpts from The Interpretation of Archaeological Spatial 
Patterning. Edited by
                Ellen M. Kroll and T. Douglas Price.  pp. 1-6, 301-306.  New 
York: Plenum.

Lipe, William,
        1995    A Message from Bill Lipe.  In SAA Bulletin 13(5):6

Rathbun, Ted A., and James D. Scurry
        1991    Status and Health in Colonial South Carolina: Belleview 
Plantation, 1738-1756.
                In What Mean these Bones?: Studies in Southeastern 
Bioarchaeology. Edited by
                Mary Lucas Powell, Patricia S. Bridges, and Ann Marie Wagner 
Mires.  pp. 149-164.
       Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press.

Read, Dwight W.
        1975    Regional Sampling.  In Sampling in Archaeology Edited by 
James w. Mueller.
                Tucson: University of Arizona Press.  pp.  44-60

Shanks, Michael and Christopher Tilley
        1992    Archaeological Theory and Practice Today.  Excerpt from 
                Archaeology:  Theory and Practice  2nd Ed.  pp. 243-246. 
 New York: Routledge.

Snyder, David,
        1995    Cinderella's Choice: The Emerging Role of the State Historic 
Preservation Office
                in Cultural Resource Management .  In SAA Bulletin 13(5): 

Stein, Julie K., Kimberly D. Kornbacher, and Jason L. Tyler,
          1992    British Camp Shell Midden Stratigraphy.  In Deciphering a 
Shell Midden Edited
                by Julie K. Stein.  pp. 95-133

Stone, Garry Wheeler,
        1988    Artifacts are not Enough.  In Documentary Archaeology in the 
New World Edited
                by Mary C. Beaudry.  pp. 68-78.  New Directions in 
Archaeology.   New York:
                Cambridge University Press.

Tomaso, Matthew S.,
        1996/In Press   Constructing the Record: Landscape History of the 
Sulphur Ghaut Site.
             Geoarchaeology: An International Journal

Tomaso, Matthew S., and Jan Guy,
        1992    A Guide to Documentation Procedures for 1992 Excavations at 
the Wilson-Leonard Site (41WM235).

Waters, Michael R.,
        1992    Excerpt from Principles of Geoarchaeology by Michael R. 
Waters.  pp. 3-12.
           Tucson: University of Arizona Press.

White, Tim D.
        1991    Excerpt from Human Osteology by Tim D. White (Illustrations 
by Pieter A.
                Folkens).  pp.  265-276.  New York: Academic Press.

Wilson, Samuel M.
        1989    The Archaeological Settlement Pattern of Nevis, West Indies. 

     Journal of Field  Archaeology 16(4): 427-450.

Yellen, John,
        1995    NSF Budget Update.  In SAA Bulletin 13(5):7

Zimmer, Julie, Richard Wilk, and Anne Pyburn
        1995    A Survey of Attitudes and Values in Archaeological Practice.
     In SAA Bulletin     13(5):10-12.

1       Syllabus
2       Readings
3       Grant and Permit Proposal Format
4       Editorial Policy, Information for Authors, and Style Guide for 
        American Antiquity and   Latin American Antiquity
5       Joukowsky pp. 1-24
6       Shanks and Tilley 243-346
7       Correspondence, 1 pg.
8       Joukowsky 200-207
9       joukowsky 132 - 149.
10      Read 44-60
11      joukowsky 35-64
12      Kroll and Price 1-6, 301-306
13      wilson - settlement pattern
14      Hodge and Minc-
15      Esaray and Santure 6-13
16      White   265-276
17      rathbun and Scurry 149-164
18      joukowsky       150-157
19      Stone 68-78
20      Deetz and Dethlefson 83-90
21      Bowen 149-159
22      Black et al.
23      Tomaso and Guy
24      Stein et al   95 - 133
25      Waters 3-12
26      Tomaso
27      Holliday and Goldberg 247-252
28      Flannery 13-16, 68-72, 159-160, 369-373
29      SAA Bulletin, 6-7, 10-12, 19-21.

Matt Tomaso
U. Texas Austin

It is a sick and beautiful world.