Message #52:
From: AzTeC SW Archaeology SIG
To:   "'Matthias Giessler'" 
Subject: Two articles on Archaeological Vandalism
Date: Tue, 06 Feb 96 13:27:00 MST
Encoding: 73 TEXT

Prosecutor details plot to sell stolen cave artifacts.
By Eric Miller, Staff Writer The Arizona Republic, 
Saturday February 3, 1996, Page B1

A Mesa firefighter was the middleman in the illegal sale of 40 prehistoric 
Native American wodoen bows stolen in 1988 from a cave in east-central 
Arizona, a federal prossecutor said Friday.  The artifacts were stolen from 
Bow Cave, which was used as a religious shrine from A.D. 700 to 1200 by the 
Mogollon people on what is now the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation. The 
plot by two Mesa firefighters and the director of a Valley museum to sell 
Indian artifacts on the black market was detailed in opening statements 
Friday in the federal trial of one of the firefighters, Jerald Sullivan. 
 Assistant U.S. Attorney Michael Morrissey said that Sullivan sold the bows 
and arrows and several other Indian artifacts to a government undercover 
agent in March 1994 for $50,000.  Sullivan was arrested after he was handed 
the money in the parking lot of a Mesa fast-food restaurant.  However, 
Sullivan's attorney, Daniel Raynak, told a jury that Sullivan believed the 
artifacts were legally obtained from private property, and before the 
federal Archeological Resources Protection Act took effect in 1979.  Raynak 
said that Sullivan was lured into selling the bows by Michael Moomey, an 
agent with the federal Bureau of Land Management, who posed as artifacts 
buyer Mike Greathouse.  "Before this trial is over, you will see who was 
pushing who toward the brink of illegal activity,"  Raynak told the jury. 
 "It wasn't Jerry Sullivan."
Sullivan's accused cohorts, Mesa firefighter Rick Shaw and Larry Hedrick, 
director of the Superstition Mountain Museum east of Apache Junction in the 
Goldfield Ghost Town, have pleaded innocent of the charges and are awaiting 
trial.  Hedrick, Shaw and Sullivan have been on administrative leave since 
shortly after the federal indictment was returned in June 1994.  Morrissey 
said the bows were stolen by Shaw and an accomplice who has been granted 
immunity in return for his testimony.  Prosecutors say that in 1993, when 
the statute of limitations had expired for stealing the artifacts, Shaw 
informed Sullivan of the bows, and Sullivan, in turn, contacted Hedrick, a 
friend since high school.  Federal agents first learned of the existence of 
the wooden bows a few months later when a museum board member told them he 
suspected Hedrick was involved in illegal trafficing.  Undercover agent 
Moomey introduced himself to Hedrick as an artifacts buyer who wanted to 
open up a shop in the museum.  Prosecutors told jury members they will 
present several video recordings of meetings between Sullivan and Moomey 
that show that Sullivan was aware the artifacts were stolen.  Bow Cave, 
first discovered in 1974, was dubbed a "rare and significant" geological 
find because its artifacts reveal information of a time when there were no 
written records.  The artifacts in the cave were first videotaped in 1986 by 
a spelunker, but were missing when he returned in 1989.  The federal 
Archeological Resources Protection Act makes it illegal to destroy or remove 
artifacts from public or Indian lands without a permit, transport or sell 
them without a permit, or buy any items illegally taken from the land.  The 
trial is expected to resume Tuesday in the courtroom of U.S. District Judge 
Roger Strand of Phoenix.

Man sentenced for damaging Anasazi site
Valley & State Watch, The Arizona Republic, Sunday February 4, 1996, Page B2

SALT LAKE CITY - Pothunter Peter Verchick of Moab, Utah, has been sentenced 
to four month's home confinement for damaging Anasazi archaeological sites. 
He also was put on probation for two years and ordered to pay $3,700 
restitution to the U.S. Bureau of Land Management.   Verchick, 25, who 
pleaded guilty, was sentenced Thursday by UI.S. District Judge David Winder. 
 He was indicted in November, 1994 with Earl Shumway on charges of damaging 
Anasazi remnants in the Cedar Mesa Special Recreation Management Area.  In 
December, Winder sentenced Shumway, also of Moab, to 78 months in prison for 
the case and other violations.  He also pleaded guilty. The indictment named 
Verchick in two counts and Shumway in three.  They were accused of damaging 
archaeological resources, including a multitude of remains of Basketmaker 
and Anasazi cultures.  BLM investigatiors said that in October 1994, a 
law-enforcement officer spotted two individuals in the North Whiskers area 
of Cedar Mesa and followed them to an alcove.  Later authorities obtained a 
search warrant and found artifacts in Shumway's home.  In August, a Utah 
federal jury found Shumway guilty of charges related to an illegal dig in 
1991 at Canyonlands National Park.