Message #51:
From: AzTeC SW Archaeology SIG
To:   "'Matthias Giessler'" 
Subject: Archaeology Advisory Commission Three-Year Plan 1996-1998
Date: Tue, 06 Feb 96 14:24:00 MST
Encoding: 188 TEXT

Archaeology Advisory Commission Three-Year Plan 1996-1998

The Archaeology Advisory Commission was established to support and protect 
important archaeological resources and activities within the State.  The 
Commission evolved from an earlier Advisory Group that had been concerned 
primarily with stopping the vandalism of archaeological sites that was 
threatening to eliminate important heritage resources of Arizona.

Recognizing the successes of the Advisory Group, the State legislature 
passed a bill in 1985 to make the group a statutory body called the 
Archaeology Advisory Commission.  The Commission continued with the initial 
goal, but added more positive efforts to promote archaeology and develop a 
broad base of public support.  The Commission has been highly successful, 
helping initiate the popular Site Steward Programs and Archaeology Month 
activities, as well as providing important public education guidelines, and 
a statement of principles regarding cooperation between archaeologists and 
American Indian tribes.

As a result of the Commission's activities, Arizona has become a national 
leader in archaeological education and preservation programs.  In 
recognition of the Commission's accomplishments and future goals, the State 
legislature overwhelmingly passed a bill in 1994 authorizing the continuance 
of the Commission for at least another ten years.

The Commission is charged with advising the State Historic Preservation 
Officer in:

 - conducting public education programs to promote archaeology and inform the 
   public about archaeological issues,
 - fostering archaeological law enforcement activities to stop pot hunting 
   and other destructive activities at archaeological sites,
 - providing for the development of a state plan to protect  archaeological 
   sites, including acquisition and development,
 - developing mechanisms to assist private owners of archaeological sites in 
   protecting and managing their sites,
 - fostering continued study of Arizona's archaeology to contribute to a 
   better understanding of our cultural history, and
 - advising on archaeological activities and related issues within the State.

The following three-year plan elucidates a series of important goals the 
Archaeology Advisory Commission has identified for 1996 through 1998:

Encourage Heritage Tourism

The Commission will encourage and facilitate the responsible use of 
archaeological sites for heritage tourism.  The richness of Arizona's 
archaeological heritage is recognized throughout this country and 
internationally.  The Commission will work closely with the Arizona Office 
of Tourism and other appropriate groups and agencies to promote the careful 
selection and development of archaeological sites for public visitation. It 
should be recognized that for American Indian sites, many tribes retain 
beliefs and values about the sites that need to be integrated into the 
planning process.  The Guidelines on Interpretive Archaeological Park and 
Site Development are currently being drafted by the Commission and will 
provide important guidance for creating and maintaining archaeological sites 
for public involvement and education.

Provide SHPO With Suggestions for Streamlining the Compliance Process

The Commission will work with the SHPO to review the existing compliance 
process and identify possible solutions to streamlining the process and 
clarifying SHPO's responsibilities for both federal and state projects. 
 Discussions have identified a variety of potential changes including the 
use of computer technology for the clearance process; modifying the 50-year 
eligibility rule as post-World War II sites are starting to qualify for 
eligibility; and promulgating rules and regulations for the State Historic 
Preservation Act, including the criteria for eligibility of sites on state 

Current discussions by the Society for American Archaeology concerning a 
Register of Professional Archaeologists will be watched to see how well the 
program works and is received within the archaeological community.   The 
need or feasibility of a similar program in Arizona should be explored.

The status of existing context studies should be reviewed, and the need for 
additional studies assessed.  The context studies provide a means for 
determining the importance of a class of sites, and the value they provide 
for interpreting Arizona's past.

Promote Public Education of the Compliance Process

The Commission will seek the means and opportunity to educate the public, 
state agencies, private parties, companies, and archaeologists on the 
compliance process and the benefits of mitigation when impacts to a site 
cannot be avoided.  The education will include guidance on when compliance 
is required, how a clearance proceeds, how to hire a professional 
archaeologist, when avoidance of a site is a reasonable alternative, when 
impacts to a site should be mitigated, and the steps of archaeological 

Promote Native American Participation in Archaeology

The Statement of Principle Regarding Cooperation Between Archaeologists and 
American Indian Tribes will continue to be supported.  The Commission 
encourages the involvement of American Indian tribes in archaeological 
research, recognizing their concerns and special insights for many sites. In 
addition, the Commission recognizes the role of archaeologists in 
tribal-directed preservation efforts.  Together, American Indian tribes and 
archaeologists can provide important information about Arizona's past 

The Commission will continue to support workshops, information-sharing, and 
coordinate with the appropriate tribal groups and agencies to promote a 
better understanding of archaeology and historic preservation issues.

Encourage Voluntary Preservation Efforts by Private Landowners

The Commission will continue to play a leading role in assisting private 
landowners with the conservation and protection of archeological sites on 
their lands, particularly sites that are important and endangered.

The goal is to provide private property owners who have archaeological sites 
on their lands the opportunity to play an active role in preserving 
archaeological sites for future generations.  As part of that goal, the 
Preservation Partners Program will be developed in conjunction with the Site 
Steward Program.

Standards for Conducting Archaeological Investigations on Private Lands will 
be further disseminated, and means to  make the Standards available for 
large groups will be developed.  The voluntary program provides important 
information and guidance for those individuals who are interesting in 
investigating archaeological sites on private property.  A program to 
enhance public awareness of the Standards and their use will be developed.

Identify Significant Cultural Resource Sites To Be Protected

In 1992, Governor Symington signed a cooperative agreement with New Mexico, 
Colorado and Utah creating the Four Corners Heritage Council.  The 
Commission supports the Four Corners Heritage Council and other private 
sector organizations such as the Archaeology Conservancy and the Grand 
Canyon Trust.  The Council and other organizations were created to improve 
heritage resource management, conservation and protection; increase public 
access to and enjoyment of the Southwest's heritage resources; provide 
increased economic development opportunities; and foster partnerships among 
public agencies, private landowners and tribes.  These goals reflect many of 
the same goals of the Arizona Archaeology Advisory Commission.

To help protect important resources, a list of archaeological sites that are 
most endangered and in need of protection should be identified, together 
with a plan to protect them.  These sites should reflect a variety of site 
types critical to understanding the past, both prehistorically and 
historically, and should incorporate significant cultural resources that 
have been identified by tribes.  The list also should highlight sites 
representing successful preservation efforts of which Arizona, its land 
managers and private citizens can be proud.  These sites will help emphasize 
the positive outcome of working together.

Promote Heritage Education

The Commission will continue to advise SHPO on heritage education issues 
including exploring opportunities to encourage the teaching of archaeology 
in a responsible and sensitive manner in the public schools, and advising on 
educational exhibits for civic and public groups.

We will continue to support Archaeology Awareness Month activities and 
Archaeology Fairs.  Due to the popularity of the Archaeology Fair, we will 
encourage the program to expand from one state fair to a series of regional 
fairs.  The program has received strong support from the public and 
archaeological profession, and provides an important avenue of education.

Site Steward Program

The Commission reaffirms its support of the Site Stewards program.  The 
volunteer program continues to grow and receive state and national 
recognition for its goal to protect sites from vandalism.

Adopted by the Arizona Archaeology Advisory Commission on January 18, 1996

For more information, contact:
Ann Howard at the Arizona State Parks/ 
State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO)>

Addresses for Commission Members are located on the Internet at: